Bookmark Kaumudi Online  Bookmark this site  Editor@Kaumudi  |  Marketing  Print Advt rates  |  Calendar 2018        Go!    
March 18, Sunday 2018 11:40 AM       

       HEADLINES: Two workers killed in accident                                              LPG tanker lorry overturns in Malappuram                                              Congress won’t cower in front of Modi’s arrogance: Sonia Gandhi                                              Stalin supports ‘Dravida Nadu’                                              Bhawana Kanth becomes second Indian woman fighter pilot to go solo                                              Student faces suspension for not taking part in gun violence walkout                                              Pak PM discusses Afghan peace process with US VP                                              Trump re-affirms plan to meet Kim Jong Un                                              Pak to skip WTO meet in New Delhi                                              India advanced in 30 years as much as Britain did in 150: Paul Krugman                                              IPL 2018: Pune to host two play-off matches                                              KP confirms retirement in heartfelt Instagram post                                              All England Open: Sindhu eyes final berth                                              Kaumudi Facebook
       SCI&TECH Next Article: Ransomware threat: Centre activates mechanism to prevent ‘Wannacry’ cyber attack  
       'Manned missions to Moon, Mars may face medical emergencies'
         Posted on :18:38:51 Jun 5, 2017
       Last edited on:18:38:51 Jun 5, 2017
         Tags: 'Manned missions to Moon, Mars, face medical
GENEVA: Astronauts on missions to deep space such as Mars may face severe medical emergencies like heart attacks, say experts who suggest that the crew must prepare to deal with potentially fatal illnesses or injuries.
Experts at the Euroanaesthesia congress in Geneva discussed the unusual and challenging problem of how to perform emergency medical procedures during space missions.
"Space exploration missions to the Moon and Mars are planned in the coming years. During these long duration flights, the estimated risk of severe medical and surgical events, as well as the risk of loss of crew life are significant," said Matthieu Komorowski, from the Charing Cross Hospital in the UK.
In the event of a crew member suffering from an illness or injury, they may have to be treated by personnel with little formal medical training and without the equipment that would be available in a comparable situation on Earth.
"In the worst-case scenario, non-medical personnel may have to care for an injured or ill crewmember. Far from low Earth orbit, real-time telemedicine will not be available and the crew will need to be self-reliant," Komorowski said.
"Duplication of skills will be critical to enhance crew safety, especially if the doctor on board himself becomes ill, injured, incapacitated or dies. As such, extending basic medical training to most crewmembers will be extremely important," he said.
In remote environments, medical and surgical conditions with a low probability of success that also require using vast quantities of consumables are often not attempted.
Similarly, during future space exploration missions, the crew must prepare for non-survivable illnesses or injuries that will exceed their limited treatment capability, researchers said.
Some of the solutions proposed by Komorowski include matching crew members for blood type to enable blood transfusions or making use of 3D printing of medical equipment rather than carrying items that would most likely not be needed during the mission.
In the event of a serious problem such as a cardiac arrest, it may be necessary to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) - an especially difficult procedure to perform in microgravity.
"Since astronauts are selected carefully, are usually young, and are intensively observed before and during their training, relevant medical problems are, fortunately, rare in space," said Jochen Hinkelbein from the University Hospital of Cologne in Germany.
"However, in the context of future long-term missions, for example to Mars, with durations of several years, the risk for severe medical problems is significantly higher," Hinkelbein said.
"Therefore, there is also a substantial risk for a cardiac arrest in space requiring CPR," he said.
The space environment presents a number of unique problems that must be overcome in order to deliver emergency medical care.
In microgravity it is not possible to use one's body weight to perform actions such as CPR as would be done on Earth, and there are strict limits on the amount of medical equipment and consumables that can be taken on a mission.
Hinkelbein outlined different methods of CPR that have been tested in microgravity experiments onboard aircraft and in specialised underwater space simulators.
Next Article: Ransomware threat: Centre activates mechanism to prevent ‘Wannacry’ cyber attack
New habitable planet found near our solar system  
Going light with the new Light Phone 2  
What will happen to this beautiful blue planet?  
Liver cancer: New method identifies splicing biomarkers  
Astronomers reveal secrets of most distant supernova ever detected  
Ensuring sexual, reproductive health for overall well-being  
WeChat gets popular in Bhutan: report  
Celebrate love this Valentine's Day with Google Pixel 2  
This drug could reverse alcohol's damaging effects on brain  
Scientists discover enormous reserves of mercury in permafrost  
Google Assistant helps you set music alarms  
What is epilepsy?  
Here're some ways to keep dementia at bay  
What are memories made of?  
Second-hand plastic toys could harm your kid  
Working before and after stroke is good for brain health  
ixigo introduces India's first augmented reality feature for Train Passengers  
Super blue moon on Jan. 31 will mark last of trilogy  
Now, a blood test that can screen eight cancer types  
Secret of longevity protein revealed!  
Absence of this gene can give men deadly cancer  
Soon, you can demote group admins on WhatsApp  
Regular yoga can slow down ageing of brain: Study  
What are haemorrhoids (piles) and what causes them?  
WhatsApp facilitates quick switch from voice to video call  
Do you think controversies are now being used as business tools?
don't opinion
Home Kerala India World Business Sports Sci&Tech Education Automobile CityNews Movies Environment Letters 
© Copyright keralakaumudi Online 2011  |  Reproduction in whole or in part without written permission is prohibited.
Head Office Address: Kaumudi Buildings, Pettah P.O, Trivandrum - 695024, India.
Online queries talk to Deepu Sasidharan, + 91 98472 38959 or Email deepu[at]
Customer Service -Advertisement Disclaimer Statement   |  Copyright Policy